Pharmacognostical studies on root and rhizomes of Kyllinga nemoralis

  • Rajendiran Krishnasamy Dept of Pharmacognosy and Phytopharmacy, JSS College of Pharmacy (A Constituent College of Jagadguru Sri Shiv-arathreeshwara University, Mysuru), Ootacamund-643001, Tamilnadu, India
  • Gomathipriya Jeyapal Dept of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy (A Constituent College of Jagadguru Sri Shiva-rathreeshwara University, Mysuru), Ootacamund-643001, Tamilnadu, India
  • MJN Chandrasekar Dept of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, JSS College of Pharmacy (A Constituent College of Jagadguru Sri Shiva-rathreeshwara University, Mysuru), Ootacamund-643001, Tamilnadu, India
  • SP Dhanabal Dept of Pharmacognosy and Phytopharmacy, JSS College of Pharmacy (A Constituent College of Jagadguru Sri Shiv-arathreeshwara University, Mysuru), Ootacamund-643001, Tamilnadu, India

Abstract

Kyllinga nemoralis Hutch and Dalz, Family: Cyperaceae is a perennial herb, used in traditional folk medicine to treat many diseases and disorders. The rhizome assorted with milk is consumed as an internal medication for worm infection. The rhizome is used in the treatment of liver damage, disease of spleen, tumour and diabetes. This study has examined the anatomy of root and rhizome with the intention of supply sufficient information to the medicinal plant identification. The root let has prominent papillate rhizodermis, two concentric layers of rectangular cortical cell, an endodermoid layers and pericycle. The cortex of the root has well differentiated three zones of cells. The stele consisted of tetrarch xylem elements alternating with radial arrangement of phloem elements. Xylem and phloem elements were in radial arrangement. The powder microscopy revealed the presence of fibres, fibres sclereids, Parenchyma cells and vessel elements. The pharmacognostical characters witnessed in this study could serve as an anatomical tool to document and standardize the much valued medicinal plant, Kyllinga nemoralis.                            

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Published
2017-06-25
How to Cite
KRISHNASAMY, Rajendiran et al. Pharmacognostical studies on root and rhizomes of Kyllinga nemoralis. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 222-227, june 2017. ISSN 0975-7538. Available at: <https://www.pharmascope.org/index.php/ijrps/article/view/901>. Date accessed: 24 sep. 2017.
Section
Research Articles
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