Morphometric measurements of the placenta in low-risk singleton pregnancies among Kerala population and its clinical relevance

  • Akshara VR Department of Anatomy, PK Das Institute of Medical Sciences, Ottapalam, Kerala, India
  • Ramakrishnan PK Department of Anatomy, PK Das Institute of Medical Sciences, Ottapalam, Kerala, India
  • Seema Valsalan E Department of Anatomy, PK Das Institute of Medical Sciences, Ottapalam, Kerala, India
  • Chitra S Department of Pathology, Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Kumar Sai Sailesh Department of Physiology, Vishnu Dental College, Vishupur, Bhimavaram, West Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • Sruthi M V Department of Community Medicine, Amala Institute of Medical Sciences Thrissur, Kerala
  • Benjamin W Department of Anatomy, PK Das Institute of Medical Sciences, Ottapalam, Kerala, India

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to observe the morphometric measurements of the placenta in low-risk singleton pregnancies among Kerala population and its clinical relevance. The current study included Placentas from 46 singleton low-risk pregnancies on normal deliveries. Placental parameters were collected by standard methods in the literature. Out of 46 placentae, the shape of the placenta is round in 60.8%, oval in 34.78% and irregular in 4.34% cases. The cord insertion is central in 47.82%, eccentric in 39.13%, marginal in 4.34%, velamentous in 4.34%andfurcate in 4.34% cases. The mean birth weight of the neonate in this study Mean, and standard deviation of baby weight is 2.87 ± 0.47kg ranging from 1.42 – 3.85kg. The placental birth weight ratio (PBWR) was 16% and FP ratio 6:1. The mean birth weight of male babies are 460.81+ 66.77g. The mean birth weight of male babies is 478+ 65.66 g. The present study was in accordance with the studies conducted in other parts of India. Ethnic differences were reported between the Asian and European population. The study recommends more detailed study in more samples in different population groups. Examination of the placenta is very important and should be examined properly before discarding even though the baby is healthy because it can be a predictive tool for future health risks.

Keywords: Placenta, Morphology, Morphometry, Low-risk pregnancies

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Published
2019-01-05
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How to Cite
Akshara VR, Ramakrishnan PK, Seema Valsalan E, Chitra S, Kumar Sai Sailesh, Sruthi M V, & Benjamin W. (2019). Morphometric measurements of the placenta in low-risk singleton pregnancies among Kerala population and its clinical relevance. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(1), 506-510. Retrieved from https://www.pharmascope.org/index.php/ijrps/article/view/88
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