Phytochemical study in ethanolic leaves extract of Aloe vera using Gas chromatography

  • Jannathul firdous Cluster for Integrative Physiology and Molecular Medicine (CIPMM), Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Royal College of Medicine Perak, No.3, Jalan Greentown, 30450, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia
  • Karpagam T Department of Biochemistry, Shrimati Indira Gandhi College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Varalakshmi Department of Biochemistry, Shrimati Indira Gandhi College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Sugunabai J Department of Biochemistry, Seethalakshmi Ramaswamy College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Gomathi S Department of Biochemistry, Shrimati Indira Gandhi College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Revathy Department of Biochemistry, Shrimati Indira Gandhi College, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Noorzaid Muhamad Cluster for Integrative Physiology and Molecular Medicine (CIPMM), Faculty of Medicine, Universiti Kuala Lumpur Royal College of Medicine Perak, No.3, Jalan Greentown, 30450, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia

Abstract

Medicinal plant Aloe vera are reported to have anti-cancer properties. In the present work, a phytochemical study in Aloe vera was evaluated qualitatively and further analysed using gas chromatography. Aloe vera leaves were washed, shade dried and homogenized to get a filtrate which was extracted in ethanol using Soxhlet apparatus. The ethanolic extract was subjected to various phytochemical tests and also evaluated using gas chromatography. As a result, the qualitative phytochemical analysis of A.vera ethanolic leaves extracts confirmed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, carbohydrates, proteins, saponins, phenols, terpenoids and phytosterols. Gas chromatographic analysis of A.vera ethanolic leaves extracts showed all these eight compounds. All these compounds are of pharmacological importance as they possess properties such as anti-cancer, anti-diabetic, analgesic, antibacterial, and antifungal activity. Future work is essential to explore its therapeutic applications.

Keywords: Aloe vera, Anti-cancer activity, Flavonoids, Gas chromatogram, Tannins

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Published
2019-04-23
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How to Cite
Jannathul firdous, Karpagam T, Varalakshmi, Sugunabai J, Gomathi S, Revathy, & Noorzaid Muhamad. (2019). Phytochemical study in ethanolic leaves extract of Aloe vera using Gas chromatography. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(2), 1470-1473. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v10i2.720
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Original Articles
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