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The present study is carried out to evaluate anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic potential of Justicia gendarussa. Leaves and stem extracted with ethanol and chloroform. These extract is tested against in-vitro (HRBC membrane stabilization method and Inhibition of protein denaturation method) and in-vivo (Carrageenan induced paw edema model) anti-inflammatory models. To assess the anti-arthritic activity, FCA induced arthritis model is used. Assessment of arthritis is done by paw volume, joint diameter, body weight, biochemical parameters, hematological parameters (Hb, RBC, WBC, ESR). The effect of in-vitro anti-inflammatory model depends on concentration. Both test extract and standard Diclofenac sodium has been shown concentration dependent effect. The maximum anti-inflammatory effect of the test extract achieved at 2000μg/ml. The test (JGLE, JGLC, JGSE) has been shown inhibition of paw edema induced by carrageenan at 50mg/kg body weight. The extract JGLE, JGLC, JGSE at 50mg/kg body weight and 100mg/kg body weight orally showed the significant (P< 0.05) and dose dependent inhibitory effect against FCA induced arthritis model. Diclofenac sodium 20mg/kg body weight orally is used as a standard. JGLE exhibit more significant and most promising anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory effect than other extracts these effects support the traditional role of J. gendarussa in arthritis and other inflammatory condition.
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