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A Quasi-experimental study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of Tailor Made Interventional Package(TIPER) among the elders at Voluntrait, POINCARE (Pondicherry Society Care for the Aged), Clunny Home for aged and Anbu Nilayam in Puducherry. TIPER consists of Jacobson Progressive Muscle Relaxation, Guided Imagery and Mindfulness Meditation Total enumerative sampling technique was adopted with 211 samples in phase one, and 90 samples were obtained in phase two was randomized into study and control group of 45 each. Control group samples were administered with physical exercises. A tool used in this study was Socio-demographic Variables, Mini-Mental Status Examination, Modified Kuppusamy Socio-Economic Scale, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale(DASS-21), ICD-10 Criteria for Depression & General Anxiety, State and Trait Anxiety Scale. Results reveal that analysis of pre-test and post-test score in study group using paired ‘t' test shows the ‘p' value was <0.01 level were as in control group was not less than 0.01 level. Hence, TIPER was found effective in reducing the level of depression, anxiety and stress among elders at old age homes.


Elders Depression Anxiety Stress Relaxation Exercise Old age homes

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How to Cite
Prakash P, Nappinai Seran, Navaneetha, Malarvizhi, & Pradeep Thilakan. (2019). The effectiveness of TIPER (Tailor Made Interventional Package to Enhance Relaxation) on depression, anxiety and stress among elders at old age homes, Puducherry. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(2), 1124-1126.