Pharmacognostic Study of <i>Caesalpinia bonduc (L.)</i> Roxb
Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. is branched scandent shrub. Leaves and Seed oil of this plant is used by Andh, Gond, Naikede, Pradhan and Kolam tribes of Mahur range forest of Nanded district to treat rheumatism. Seed oil is applied on wound for quick healing and oil is dropped in ear for tympanitis. Seed is used to treat stomach pain, dysentery and diarrhoea and its powder is used against indigestion and to expel intestinal worms and seed paste is applied on swelling. A Pharmacognostic study of seed drug is carried out for evaluation of drug and to detect the adulteration. It includes dermal characters like stomata, trichomes and anatomical features etc. The plant was analyzed for its preliminary screening of phytochemicals. The result reveals that the presence of bioactive constituents comprising flavonoids, reducing sugar, saponins and anthraquinones. The antimicrobial assay also performed to prove the proclaimed ethnobotanical claims. The present study is helpful to standardize or evaluation of drugs.
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